Sirmione is an Italian city located in the region of Lombardia. The city is situated on a narrow peninsula that is 4 kilometers long and that extends into Lake Garda (Lago di Garda). Sirmione has been known since the days of the Roman Empire as a great place to vacation. Today it is a popular resort town where you can combine relaxation with various wellness treatments.
The city boasts historical landmarks and unique therapeutic thermae (Roman thermal baths). These baths are unique in that the water used in them is rich in minerals and trace elements, and its temperature is 69 degrees Celsius. The water is used to treat various diseases such as varicose veins, rheumatism, diabetes, upper respiratory tract infections, cellulitis, and others. This resort is open all year round. A pioneer of the healing power of Sirmione water was a Venetian diver Procopio who in 1889 dived to a depth of 20 m in Lake Garda and found the source. In that place a year later the wellness center Aquaria was built (Centro Benessere Termale Aquaria). Thousands of tourists come here for indulge in wellness treatments using mud baths and massages.
Healing water of the spring (Fonte Boiola) is located at a depth of 19 meters in the lake, and it is rich in bromine, iodine, sulfur and is used to treat lung, skin diseases, rheumatism and ear diseases. They are also used in famous clinics “Virgilio” and “Catullo”. In Roman times, these waters were used for medicinal purposes, supplying them to the surface using lead pipes.
The hallmark of the city is the castle Scaliger (Castello Scaligero), situated on the shore of the lake. The castle is well preserved to this day. At one point, the castle served as a military port for the fleet of Verona. The castle was built by Senor Mastino in the 13th century. During the Roman Republic era, many rich citizens of Verona had beautiful villas here. Today, the castle houses a small museum which provides visitors an opportunity to go up to the tower which offers an amazing view of the lake and the city.
Another interesting natural attraction is the "Grotto of Catullus” (Grotte di Catullo) – these are the ruins of a large villa that presumably belonged to the famous Roman poet Gaio Valerio Catullo. The villa was built between 30 BC and 68 AD. Its ruins are now an archaeological museum. As the result of the excavation works here were found fragments of frescoes "Portrait of a poet", "Marine scene", ceramics, sculptures. All the finds belong to the first century BC.
When you visit the town of Sirmione make sure to take a walk through a beautiful pedestrian street Corso Vittorio Emanuele and Piazza Carducci. Here you will find numerous souvenir shops, cafes, restaurants, clothing boutiques, brand name stores and craft shops.
Also, take a look at the church of Santa Maria Maggiore dating back to 14th century, which can be accessed by following the street Via Antiche Mura. In the church you will find partly preserved frescoes of the 15th century.
The Church of San Pietro in Mavino is the oldest in Sirmione. It was built by Lombards, and in the 14th century it was rebuilt. The church has unique frescoes from the 12-16 centuries, and it became famous for its ancient Roman bell tower of the 11th century.
Yet under construction
Yet under construction
Yet under constructed