Lucca is an Italian town situated in the northwest region of Tuscany between the mountains and the Serra Pizzorno. The town attracts tourist for the rich history, lovely location, magnificent churches and chic restaurants. Lucca is the birthplace of the Italian famous opera composer Giacomo Puccini and the great Italian violoncellist and composer of the 18th century Luigi Boccherini.
Founded by the Etruscans in 180 d.c., the city became a colony of Romans and it remained in the status of autonomous city until the 12th century. Its economy was based on the production of silk and banking. Under the order of Castruccio Castracani the nearest lands were combined in a large surrounding area. After the death of Castracani the rules of the city changed. The locals have managed to win their independence for five centuries up to the arrival of Napoleon in 1805. He came to the throne with his sister Elisa Bonaparte. Inspite of her rules of the town many attractions were destroyed causing the indignation of the local residents. After twenty years the power was transferred to the Bourbons up to the time in which the city became part of the Kingdom of Italy.
The city of Lucca is almost completely protected by the ancient walls of XVI-XVII centuries that surrounded the historical city center. They defend local residents from the flood of 1805. The walls are very big more than 4 kilometers in diameter and give a unique atmosphere of medieval romance and comfort. It is advisable to take a walk on paved paths, relax on a plane tree and on the broad walls.
The main architectural landmark in the city since the 6th century is the Cathedral of St. Martin in Piazza San Martino. Into the cathedral you can give a look to the Holy Face a relic by which the city became a famous place for pilgrimage. According to a legend, it is believed that the image of Christ on the cross was recreated by the angels, in connection with this day it takes place the most important holiday of the city.
The city has a lot of churches and that is why it is known as the "city of the hundred churches”. For example the Church of St. Michael in the Forum - is one of the most important of Lucca. It was built in the VIII century in the place of the Roman Forum. In the XI century, started the reconstruction of the cathedral that lasted for nearly 400 years. The cathedral is built with an elegant marble facade in Roman style and has an high bell tower in Lombard style.
Is advisable to visit the Basilica of St. Frediano is one of the oldest churches in Lucca. Inside the church are painted some incomparable frescoes of XII-XV centuries. You can find the relics of Saint Zita - patroness of domestic workers.
The city is also famous for its towers. Near the Guinigi Tower of XIV century grow seven secular holm oaks. The tower offers a magnificent view of the city and its surroundings. Clock Tower of XІІІ century is famous because up to 1490 there was no dial face, only the ringing of bells marked midnights.
Important works of famous artists are in the museums of the city. Many works of art were once belonged to the Lucca nobility.
Piazza dell'Anfiteatro square - is the main shopping area of the city. It was built on the place of a Roman amphitheater of the I century. Every year is organized a medieval fair as well as antiques fairs are held periodically.
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Lucca - sightseeing tour
Lucca - a small, very nice Tuscan town at 95 km from Florence and 40 km from Pisa.
The main attraction of the city is well-preserved city wall. Platforms on it offer excellent views of the surround valley. Lucca - the only Italian city fully walled. The length of the wall is about 4.2 km. Along the perimeter there are 11 bastions, and only two of them - Bastione San Martino and Torrione del Bastardo – remain same as they were built five centuries ago. Lucca is a town of many beautiful cathedrals and churches: white marble San Michele in Foro with a shape reminding a large ship; the church of San Salvatore, Basilica of San Frediano, the majestic Cathedral of San Martino, the church of Santi Giovanni e Reparata, which preserves frescoes of the XIV century. Lucca is a birthplace of the great composer Giacomo Puccini. His house, now a museum, is located next to the church of San Michele in Foro, and nearby, you can also fins a statue of the composer. You should definitely visit Piazza del Mercato (Market Square). This square was built on the site of an ancient Roman amphitheater. The amphitheater itself was demolished, the walls of marble blocks were used for the construction of residential buildings and commercial premises, but the square kept the oval shape, typical for amphitheaters. One of the symbols of the city is the Guinigi Tower, which, together with the palace Guinigi is a fine example of medieval architecture. In 230 steps you end up on the observation deck of the Tower. While booking an individual excursion, it is always possible to plan the route with a guide in order not to miss a single corner or a street, which might not be on the standard routes. The tour program can vary depending on a guide.
1. Time and place of meeting with the tour guide: the date, time and place of the meeting with the guide are fixed with tourists. Guides can also pick up the tourists at the hotel.
2. Excursion program: discussed between tourists and a guide. The guide takes into account wishes of the clients as much as possible. Stopovers at each attractions are not limited in time (within the duration of the tour).
3. Itinerary of the tour: advanced
4. Interaction between a guide and tourists: an individual approach
5. Price: high (but reasonable, taking into account the advantages pointed out above)
6. Transportation: it’s possible to order individual transport services at extra charge, where feasible and appropriate
1. Time and place of meeting with the tour guide: Tourists reach the meeting point on their own on a pre-scheduled date and time.
2. Excursion program: a single program for the whole group and designed by the guide. Stopovers at each attraction is limited in time.
3. Itinerary of the tour: standard
4. Interaction between a guide and tourist: an individual approach is not possible, because of the group size
5. Price: low
6. Transport: bus, where the tour includes transportation services