La Spezia is a big, bustling city, very different from neighboring villages, there is a lot of greenery and a beautiful nature. La Spezia is just a few kilometers from the border with Tuscany and 100 km from Genoa, in the Bay of the Gulf of Poets, so called because many famous poets have spent their holidays in these places, such as Petrarch, Byron, Shelley and George Sand.
The origins of the city date back to the Roman period. With the fall of the Roman Empire, after the 5th century, the city was ravaged by barbarians, Heruli and Ostrogoths.
Subsequently, the territory passed under Byzantine rule, the Lombard and then Frank with Carlo Magno. The military importance of the city grew in the Napoleonic period.
Napoleon understood the strategic importance of the city and built in La Spezia a military port. In 1849 the Piedmontese Government built a military arsenal and in 1857 the Count di Cavour financed the construction of a new naval base. The population increased rapidly, many new buildings were built in Art Nouveau style, chapels, churches, museums and historical monuments.
One of the most important monuments is the San Giorgio Castle, built in the 12th century. Already at that time it was obvious the military importance of the city, they built other fortresses in later centuries.
La Spezia, there are numerous churches, the Cathedral of Christ the King, the Abbey of Santa Maria Assunta, the Church of Santi Giovanni e Agostino, the Church of Nostra Signora della Neve, the Church of Nostra Signora della Salute and many others.
There are also numerous palaces, theaters and museums, like the Museum of the Castle of San Giorgio, where you can find many archaeological finds from prehistory to the middle ages, the Museo Civico Amedeo Lia, House of Culture and pictures-gallery, the Palazzina delle Arti e Museo del Sigillo, the center of modern and contemporary art opened in 2004, the Naval Technical Museum located near the main entrance of the Naval Arsenal, you can see more than 150 models of ships, including Columbus ' Caravels, the National Transportation Museum and many others.
In La Spezia there are numerous hotels of all categories, where tourists can spend a pleasant stay. Book well in advance, to get a chance to find availability in hotel desired.
There are also numerous restaurants and pizzerias offering typical menu. A typical local dish is the Farinata, a delicious pizza made with chick-pea flour.
Ligurian cuisine gastronomic specialties are focaccia, pesto, stuffed pumpkin flowers, vegetable pies. Important are the extra-virgin olive oil and the property of black pepper.
Sea, mild climate, hiking in nature, art, culture, fine cuisine make La Spezia, one of the most important tourist cities of Italy.
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