Perugia is the most important city of Umbria situated on a hill in the valley of the River Tiber (Tevere), not far from Lake Trasimeno. The former name of Perugia was Perouse (Perusia) – an Etruscan city and a thriving commercial center under the control of the Romans from the fourth century BC, destroyed by Ostrogoths. It later became the residence of the Duchy of the Lombards in the sixth and seventh centuries. The city became the property of the Church in the eighth century, and has been owned by it until the nineteenth century.
The historic part of the city of Perugia extends from the main street, avenue of Corso Vannucci with its steep and narrow streets and alleys leading down to the new town.
This is where you will find the landmarks that are of great artistic and historical value, such as the Palazzo dei Priori - an example of medieval architecture in the Gothic style, the construction of which lasted from 1293 to 1443. This palace has magnificent halls, such as Hall dei Notari (Sala dei Notari) with frescoes from the fourteenth century, the Collegio del Cambio that contains frescoes by Antonio Masi and Perugino, and the National Gallery of Umbria (Galleria nazionale dell'Umbria) with works by Benozzo Gozzoli, Beato Angelico, Piero della Francesca and Perugino.
Another Amazing monument is the Maggiore Fountain (Fontana Maggiore) built in 1278 and decorated with bas-reliefs and small statues. It is located on Piazza IV Novembre in the beginning of the avenue of Corso Cavour. Other important places to visit in Perugia is the Etruscan Arch, also known as the Arch of Augustus built in the second century BC, Marcia Gate (Porta Marzia) from II-I century BC that provides access to the Rocca Paolina, the church of Sant 'Angelo, and the Basilica of St. Peter and St. Dominic. Perugia is also a very important cultural center. Here you will find the most important universities of Umbria such as the Italian University for Foreigners that trains students from around the world, and the Academy of Fine Arts.
Very well-known are the events that are held in Perugia. Among them there is Umbria Jazz festival, Eurochocolate festival, music festival Umbria, which all make this city even more artistic and cultural. Perugia is home to one of Italy's most famous chocolate factories Perugina. Perugina company organizes tours of its facilities upon request for tourists. For several years the Perugina Historical Museum have been around where you can admire the equipment and other products that made the company so famous in the world.
As of January 29, it became even easier to explore the city using public transport: Metro Mini (Minimetrò). A few minutes from the center of Perugia, you can visit one of the first amusement parks in Italy, Chita della Domenica, also known as the Zoological Park.
In Perugia you can stay in various hotels ranging from luxury five-star hotels to bed and breakfasts. If you want to stay at an agriturismo, in vacation homes or enjoy camping, you will have to leave the city and head to the hills surrounding Lake Trasimeno - one of the largest lakes in Central Italy.
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