Udine, the Italian city of the region Friuli-Venezia Giulia, is situated in the north-eastern part of Italy, between the Alps and the Adriatic Sea. The city is located about 20 km away from Slovenia, about 54 km away from Austria; it is a charmingly beautiful city; there are lots of squares, wonderful parks and pleasant cafes.
Liberty Square (Piazza della Liberta), designed in the Venetian style, is located in the historic centre of the city. There are magnificent architectural monuments, created in different times: the Renaissance fountain of Carrara, the column, bearing the Statue of Justice (1614), the column, bearing a walking lion of St. Mark, which is the symbol of the Venetian Republic (1539), the Statue of Hercules and Cacus (17th century), and the Statue of Peace, which was placed here in 1819.
The ramparts, built in the 13th - 14th century, are destroyed. The Old City is almost square in shape, and there is the cathedral, built in the thirteenth century, in the centre. In 1348, the cathedral was badly damaged due to the earthquake. The reconstruction began only twenty years later, the architect Pietro Paolo di Venezia (Pietro Paolo) conducted it. He transformed the cathedral reducing windows and changing the shape of the arches. In the following years, the cathedral was elongated, the side chapels were built; by the eighteenth century the cathedral was transformed into the building, designed in the Baroque style. But in the twentieth century the original appearance of the cathedral was recreated.
The Portal of Redemption, created in the 14th century by the unknown German master, is located in the central part of the facade of the cathedral. On the right there is another Renaissance portal, created by Karl da Carona (Carlo da Carona) in 1525. On the left you can see the portal, built in the 18th century; it is supposed to be created by Domenico Rossi (Domenico Rossi). The statues of Faith and Hope are located above the portal. Inside the cathedral you can admire the magnificent works of famous artists such as Giovanni Battista Tiepolo (the Italian Rococo painter, engraver and fresco painter), the artists Pellegrino da San Daniele, Amalthea, Pordenone, Domenico da Tolmezzo.
In Liberty Square, there are also the Church and the Loggia of St. John, the San Giovanni Gallery. Today, the Pantheon of the Fallen is located in the Loggia.
In 1556 the Bollani Arch (Arco Bollani) was built; it was built in honour of Domenico Bollani, who saved the city from the plague.
The Castle of Udine, located on the hill in the centre of the city, is one of the symbols of the city. The castle was first mentioned in the year 983. In 1348 the castle was badly damaged due to the earthquake. The reconstruction of the castle began in 1517; it was finished 50 years later. At the moment, there is the Archaeological Museum, Numismatic cabinet, pinacotheca, Museum of Risorgimento, and photo archive.
The Clock Tower (Torre dell'Orologio), built in 1527 by Giovanni da Udine (Giovanni da Udine), is another landmark. On its top you can see the figures of two moors striking every hour. The tower was destroyed due to the earthquake. Then another tower was built; you can see it today.
It is advisable to visit the Church of St. Francis (Chiesa di San Francesco), built in the 13th century in the Romanesque style. It was rebuilt several times. In the 18th century the church was rebuilt in the Baroque style. Nowadays, multiple exhibits are organised there.
The friendly city Udine, containing numerous places of interest, will provide you with the warmest impressions.
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